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Circulating Anti-Coatomer Protein Complex Subunit Epsilon (COPE) Autoantibodies as a Potential Biomarker for Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Events in Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea

20 Mar 2017

Study Objectives:

Although moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is an independent risk factor for severe arteriosclerotic diseases such as cardiovascular disease (CVD) and stroke, the development of atherosclerosis-related diseases cannot yet be predicted in patients with OSA. In a pilot study, we identified autoantibodies against the coatomer protein complex, subunit epsilon [circulating anti-coatomer protein complex subunit epsilon autoantibody (COPE-Ab)], a cytosolic complex that mediates protein transport in the Golgi compartment, as a potential novel biomarker of atherosclerosis. This study aimed to evaluate whether COPE-Ab levels had an association with cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events in patients with OSA.

Methods:

Eighty-two adult patients with a diagnosis of OSA via polysomnography and 64 healthy donors were studied. Serum COPE-Ab levels were measured using an amplified luminescence proximity homogeneous assay. Then, clinical factors related to atherosclerosis were evaluated with respect to COPE-Ab levels.

Results:

Significant differences in COPE-Ab levels were observed in terms of OSA severity. COPE-Ab levels were significantly higher in patients with OSA and also CVD and/or stroke, hypertension, and a high body mass index. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses of patients with OSA identified elevated COPE-Ab level as a significant predictor of CVD and/or stroke.

Conclusions:

An elevated COPE-Ab level may be a potential predictor of the risks of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events in patients with OSA. Therefore, patients with higher COPE-Ab levels may require more careful and intensive treatment.

Commentary:

A commentary on this article appears in this issue on page 361.

Citation:

Matsumura T, Terada J, Kinoshita T, Sakurai Y, Yahaba M, Ema R, Amata A, Sakao S, Nagashima K, Tatsumi K, Hiwasa T. Circulating anti-coatomer protein complex subunit epsilon (COPE) autoantibodies as a potential biomarker for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events in patients with obstructive sleep apnea. J Clin Sleep Med. 2017;13(3):393–400.

Click here to view the full article which appeared in Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine

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