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Systematic reviews

Statins for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease

Taylor, F., et al Prevention of cardiovascular disease Cardiovascular disease (CVD), which comprises heart attacks (myocardial infarction), angina and strokes, is ranked as the number one cause of mortality and is a major cause of morbidity world wide. Hi ...

Individual- Versus Group-Based Financial Incentives for Weight Loss

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Withdrawal versus continuation of chronic antipsychotic drugs for behavioural and psychological symptoms in older people with dementia

Declercq, T., et al To evaluate whether withdrawal of antipsychotic agents is successful in older people with dementia in community or nursing home settings, to list the different strategies for withdrawal of antipsychotic agents in older people with deme ...

Sulthiame add-on therapy for epilepsy

Milburn-McNulty, P., et al To compare the efficacy and side-effect profile of sulthiame as add-on therapy compared with placebo or another antiepileptic drug Epilepsy is a common neurological condition which is characterised by recurrent seizures. The maj ...

Non-pharmacological interventions for preventing secondary vascular events after stroke or transient ischemic attack

MacKay-Lyons, M., et al Non-pharmacological interventions, Secondary vascular events, Vascular risk factors, Stroke, Transient ischemic attack (TIA) Stroke is the second leading cause of adult death worldwide. There is increasing evidence that individuals ...

Nidotherapy for people with schizophrenia

Chamberlain, i.J. and Sampson, S. Nidotherapy, Standard care, No treatment, Schizophrenia, Disorders Nidotherapy (from the Latin ‘ nidus ’ or ‘nest’) aims at identifying the need for and making changes to a person’s environment and surroundings. It works ...

Multidimensional rehabilitation programmes for adult cancer survivors

Scott, D.A., et al MDRPs, Physical well-being, Psychosocial well-being, Adult, Cancer survivors Due to improvements in detection, treatment and care an increasing number of patients are living with or surviving cancer. However, patients who survive cancer ...

Inhaled corticosteroids for subacute and chronic cough in adults

Johnstone, K., et al Chronic cough, Adults Persistent cough is a common clinical problem. Despite thorough investigation and empirical management, a considerable proportion of those people with subacute and chronic cough have unexplained cough, for which ...

Human papillomavirus testing versus repeat cytology for triage of minor cytological cervical lesions

Arbyn, M., et al Women, ASCUS, LSIL, Cytological test, High-risk type, Human papillomavirus (hrHPV), Cervical cancer Atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASCUS) and low-grade squamous intra-epithelial lesions (LSIL) are minor lesions of t ...

Computer-based diabetes self-management interventions for adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Pal, k., et al Health status, Quality of life, Diabetes, Self-management Diabetes is one of the commonest long-term medical conditions, affecting around 347 million adults worldwide. Around 90% of them have type 2 diabetes and are at significant risk of d ...

Interventions for nail psoriasis

de Vries, A.C.Q., et al Nail psoriasis, Skin disease Psoriasis is a common chronic skin disease with a prevalence in 2% to 3% of the population, according to European studies. Involvement of the nails occurs in about 50%. Nail psoriasis is difficult to tr ...

Antibiotics for exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Vollenweider, D., et al Antibiotics, Acute COPD exacerbation,Treatment failure, Primary outcome, Mortality, Adverse events, Length of hospital stay Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic condition, often caused by smoking, which affects ...

Does back and neck pain become more common as you get older? A systematic literature review

Fejer, R. and Leboeuf-Yde, C. Back pain, Neck pain It is generally believed that the prevalance aof back and neck pain increases with age and as the proportion of elderly will keep rising we may be facing public health concerns in the future. The aim of t ...

Male involvement for increasing the effectiveness of prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission (PMTCT) programmes

Brusamento, S., et al PMTCT interventions, Developing countries, Family health During the past ten years, national governments and international agencies have strengthened the implementation of PMTCT programmes. However, the majority of women still do not ...

Integration of HIV/AIDS services with maternal, neonatal and child health, nutrition, and family planning services

Lindegren, M., et al MNCHN-FP, HIV/AIDS, Prevention, Treatment Integrating HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment services with services focused on the health of mothers, infants and children, as well as on nutrition and family planning (MNCHN-FP) may improve ...

The Epidemiology of Low Back Pain in Primary Care

Kent, P. M. and Keating, J. L. Current knowledge on prevalence, activity limitation (disability), care-seeking, natural history and clinical course, treatment outcome, and costs of low back pain (LBP) This descriptive review provides a summary of the prev ...

Burden of major musculoskeletal conditions

Woolf AD, Pfleger B Musculoskeletal condition, Osteoarthritis, Rheumatoid arthritis, Osteoporosis Musculoskeletal conditions are a major burden on individuals, health systems, and social care systems, with indirect costs being predominant. This burden has ...

Interventions to achieve long-term weight loss in obese older people

Systematic ReviewA systematic review and meta-analysisMiles D. Witham1 and Alison Avenell2 1 Section of Ageing and Health, University of Dundee, Ninewells Hospital, Dundee DD1 9SY, UK2 Health Services Research Unit, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK Ad ...

Advocacy interventions to reduce or eliminate violence and promote the physical and psychosocial wellbeing of women who experience intimate partner abuse

Ramsay, J. et al. Partner abuse, Violence, Domestic violence Intimate partner abuse is common in all societies and damages the health of survivors and their children in the short and long term. Advocacy may decrease the impact of this abuse on women' ...

Financial benefits for child health and well-being in low income or socially disadvantaged families in developed world countries

Lucas, P. et al. CHILD DEVELOPMENT, DISADVANTAGED GROUP, ECONOMIC FACTOR, LOW INCOME, SOCIAL FACTOR The association between low income and poor outcome in all dimensions of child health is strong and consistent across countries and time. Disadvantage in c ...

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