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Cochrane Reviews

Antibiotics for brain abscesses in people with cyanotic congenital heart disease

Lumbiganon, P. and Chaikitpinyo, A. Heart disease Brain abscess is a focal, intracerebral infection that begins as a localized area of brain infection and develops into a collection of pus surrounded by a well-vascularized capsule. People with cyanotic co ...

Behavioural and cognitive behavioural therapy for obsessive compulsive disorder in children and adolescents

O'Kearney, R.T., Anstey, K., von Sanden, C. andHunt, A. Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) Background This is an update of a Cochrane Review first published in The Cochrane Library in Issue 4, 2006. Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in children an ...

Pharmacologic treatment of depression in multiple sclerosis

Koch, M.W. et al Depression Depression is a common problem in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). It is unclear which pharmacologic treatment is the most effective and the least harmful. The objective of this review is to investigate the efficacy and t ...

Recombinant growth hormone for children and adolescents with Turner syndrome

Baxter, L., Bryant, J., Cave, C.B. and Milne, R. Genetic endocrine disorder Turner syndrome (TS) affects about one in 1500 to 2500 live-born females. One of the most prevalent and salient features of the syndrome is extremely short stature. Untreated wome ...

Smoking cessation for the secondary prevention of coronary heart disease

Critchley, J.A. and Capewell, S. Smoking cessation and coronary heart disease Although the importance of smoking as a risk factor for coronary heart disease is beyond doubt, the speed and magnitude of risk reduction when a smoker with coronary heart disea ...

Routine hospital admission versus out-patient or home care in children at diagnosis of type 1 diabetes mellitus

Clar, C. Waugh, N. and Thomas, S. Treatment of children newly diagnosed with type 1 diabetes In many places, children newly diagnosed with type 1 diabetes mellitus are admitted to hospital for metabolic stabilisation and training, even if they are not acu ...

Continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) versus multiple insulin injections for type 1 diabetes mellitus

Masso, M.L. et al Type 1 diabetes Type 1 diabetes is a metabolic disorder resulting from a defect in insulin secretion. Onset of type 1 diabetes mellitus may occur at any age and it is one of the most common chronic diseases of childhood and adolescence. ...

Interventions for latent autoimmune diabetes (LADA) in adults

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Protein restriction for diabetic renal disease

Robertson, L.M., Waugh, N. and Robertson, A. Effects of dietary protein restriction Diabetic renal disease (diabetic nephropathy) is a leading cause of end-stage renal failure. Once the process has started, it cannot be reversed by glycaemic control, but ...

Phosphodiesterase inhibitors for erectile dysfunction in patients with diabetes mellitus

Vardi, M. and Nini, A. Erectile dysfunction and diabetes Erectile dysfunction is a common multi-factorial complication of diabetes mellitus. Numerous strategies have been tried to overcome this diabetic complication. In recent years, phosphodiesterase typ ...

Short acting insulin analogues versus regular human insulin in patients with diabetes mellitus

Siebenhofer, A. et al Insulin treatment Short acting insulin analogue use for diabetic patients is still controversial, as reflected in many scientific debates. The objective of this review is to assess the effects of short acting insulin analogues versus ...

Long-term non-pharmacological weight loss interventions for adults with prediabetes

Norris, S.L. et al DIABETES MELLITUS, DIET, PHYSICAL ACTIVITY, WEIGHT LOSS Most persons with prediabetes (impaired glucose tolerance or impaired fasting glucose) are overweight, and obesity worsens the metabolic and physiologic abnormalities associated wi ...

'Human' insulin versus animal insulin in people with diabetes mellitus

Richter, B. and Neisis, G. Insulin treatment Human insulin was introduced for the routine treatment of diabetes mellitus in the early 1980s without adequate comparison of efficacy to animal insulin preparations. First reports of altered hypoglycaemia awar ...

Chinese herbal medicines for people with impaired glucose tolerance or impaired fasting blood glucose

Grant, S.J. et al Herbal medicines Around 308 million people worldwide are estimated to have impaired glucose tolerance (IGT); 25% to 75% of these will develop diabetes within a decade of initial diagnosis. At diagnosis, half will have tissue-related dama ...

Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors for people with impaired glucose tolerance or impaired fasting blood glucose

Van da Laar, F. et al Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors, Blood glucose Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors (AGIs) reduce blood glucose levels and may thus prevent type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease in patients with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). These poss ...

Specialist nurses in diabetes mellitus

Loveman, E., Royle, P. and Waugh, N. Diabetes specialists The patient with diabetes has many different learning needs relating to diet, monitoring, and treatments. In many health care systems specialist nurses provide much of these needs, usually aiming t ...

Preconception care for diabetic women for improving maternal and infant health

Tieu, J., Middleton, P. and Crowther, C.A. Mothers with diabetes Infants born to mothers with pre-existing type I or type II diabetes mellitus are at greater risk of congenital anomalies, perinatal mortality and significant morbidity in the short and long ...

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for chronic wounds

Kranke, P. et al DIABETES MELLITUS, FOOT HEALTH Chronic wounds are common and present a health problem with significant effect on quality of life. The wide range of therapeutic strategies for such wounds reflects the various pathologies that may cause tis ...

Patient education for preventing diabetic foot ulceration

Dorresteijn, J.A.N., Knegsman, D.M.W., Assendelft, W.J.J. and Valk, G.D. Diabetic foot ulcers Ulceration of the feet, which can result in loss of limbs and even death, is one of the major health problems for people with diabetes mellitus. The objective of ...

Complex interventions for preventing diabetic foot ulceration

Dorresteijn, J.A.N., Knegsman, D.M.W. and Valk, G.D. Diabetic foot ulcers Ulceration of the feet, which can lead to the amputation of feet and legs, is a major problem for people with diabetes mellitus, and can cause substantial economic burden. Single pr ...

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