menu ☰
menu ˟

Systematic reviews

Long-term non-pharmacological weight loss interventions for adults with prediabetes

Norris, S.L. et al DIABETES MELLITUS, DIET, PHYSICAL ACTIVITY, WEIGHT LOSS Most persons with prediabetes (impaired glucose tolerance or impaired fasting glucose) are overweight, and obesity worsens the metabolic and physiologic abnormalities associated wi ...

'Human' insulin versus animal insulin in people with diabetes mellitus

Richter, B. and Neisis, G. Insulin treatment Human insulin was introduced for the routine treatment of diabetes mellitus in the early 1980s without adequate comparison of efficacy to animal insulin preparations. First reports of altered hypoglycaemia awar ...

Chinese herbal medicines for people with impaired glucose tolerance or impaired fasting blood glucose

Grant, S.J. et al Herbal medicines Around 308 million people worldwide are estimated to have impaired glucose tolerance (IGT); 25% to 75% of these will develop diabetes within a decade of initial diagnosis. At diagnosis, half will have tissue-related dama ...

Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors for people with impaired glucose tolerance or impaired fasting blood glucose

Van da Laar, F. et al Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors, Blood glucose Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors (AGIs) reduce blood glucose levels and may thus prevent type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease in patients with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). These poss ...

Specialist nurses in diabetes mellitus

Loveman, E., Royle, P. and Waugh, N. Diabetes specialists The patient with diabetes has many different learning needs relating to diet, monitoring, and treatments. In many health care systems specialist nurses provide much of these needs, usually aiming t ...

Preconception care for diabetic women for improving maternal and infant health

Tieu, J., Middleton, P. and Crowther, C.A. Mothers with diabetes Infants born to mothers with pre-existing type I or type II diabetes mellitus are at greater risk of congenital anomalies, perinatal mortality and significant morbidity in the short and long ...

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for chronic wounds

Kranke, P. et al DIABETES MELLITUS, FOOT HEALTH Chronic wounds are common and present a health problem with significant effect on quality of life. The wide range of therapeutic strategies for such wounds reflects the various pathologies that may cause tis ...

Patient education for preventing diabetic foot ulceration

Dorresteijn, J.A.N., Knegsman, D.M.W., Assendelft, W.J.J. and Valk, G.D. Diabetic foot ulcers Ulceration of the feet, which can result in loss of limbs and even death, is one of the major health problems for people with diabetes mellitus. The objective of ...

Complex interventions for preventing diabetic foot ulceration

Dorresteijn, J.A.N., Knegsman, D.M.W. and Valk, G.D. Diabetic foot ulcers Ulceration of the feet, which can lead to the amputation of feet and legs, is a major problem for people with diabetes mellitus, and can cause substantial economic burden. Single pr ...

Pressure relieving interventions for preventing and treating diabetic foot ulcers

Spencer, S. A. Diabetic foot ulcers Foot ulceration is thought to affect 15% of all people with diabetes at some time during their life. The objective of this review is to assess the effectiveness of pressure relieving interventions in the prevention and ...

Silver based wound dressings and topical agents for treating diabetic foot ulcers

Bergin, S. and Wraight, P. Diabetic foot ulcers Foot ulceration affects 15 to 20% of people with diabetes. It is a major precursor to amputation in this patient group, and early and appropriate treatment provides the greatest opportunity for healing. The ...

Hydrogel dressings for healing diabetic foot ulcers

Durnville, J.C., Deshpande, S., O'Meara S. and Speak, K. Diabetic foot ulcers Foot ulcers in people with diabetes are a prevalent and serious global health issue. Dressings form a key part of ulcer treatment, with clinicians and patients having many ...

Honey as a topical treatment for wounds

Jull, A.B., Rodgers, A. and Walker, N. BURN INJURY, INJURY Honey is a viscous, supersaturated sugar solution derived from nectar gathered and modified by the honeybee, Apis mellifera. Honey has been used since ancient times as a remedy in wound care. Evid ...

Granulocyte-colony stimulating factors as adjunctive therapy for diabetic foot infections

Cruciani, M., Lipsky, B., Mengoli, C. and deLalla, F. Diabetic foot infections Granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) increases the release of neutrophil endothelial progenitor cells from the bone marrow and improves neutrophil functions, which are ...

Foam dressings for healing diabetic foot ulcers

Durnville, J.C., Deshpande, S., O'Meara S. and Speak, K. Diabetic foot ulcers Foot ulcers in people with diabetes are a prevalent and serious global health issue. Dressings form a key part of ulcer treatment, with clinicians and patients having many ...

Debridement of diabetic foot ulcers

Edwards, J. and Stapley, S. Diabetic foot ulcers Foot ulceration is thought to affect 15% of people with diabetes at some time in their lives. Debridement is widely regarded as an effective intervention to speed up ulcer healing. The most effective method ...

Vitamin C and superoxide dismutase (SOD) for diabetic retinopathy

de Jesus, C.C.L. et al Effects of vitamin C and superoxide dismutase on diabetic retinopathy There is increasing evidence that diabetic retinopathy is caused by the action of free radicals. Radical scavengers like vitamin C and superoxide dismutase (SOD) ...

Pentoxifylline for diabetic retinopathy

de Jesus, C.C.L. et al Diabetic retinopathy There is increasing evidence that capillary occlusion plays an important part in the development of diabetic retinopathy. Disaggregants, such as pentoxyfilline may influence the outcome and progression of diabet ...

Antiangiogenic therapy with anti-vascular endothelial growth factor modalities for diabetic macular oedema

Parravano, M., Menchini, F. and Virgili, G. Diabetic macular oedema (DMO), Diabetic retinopathy, Vision, Therapy Diabetic macular oedema (DMO) is a common complication of diabetic retinopathy. The retina at the macula thickens and this can cause gradual l ...

Iodine supplementation for preventing iodine deficiency disorders in children

Angermaye, L. and Clar, C. CHILD, MENTAL HEALTH, NUTRITIONAL DEFICIENCY Iodine deficiency is the main cause of potentially preventable mental retardation in childhood, as well as causing goitre and hypothyroidism in people of all ages. It is still prevale ...

IPH Logo

Filter by content type: