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Cochrane Reviews

School-based physical activity programs for promoting physical activity and fitness in children and adolescents aged 6-18

Dobbins, M., DeCorby, K., Robeson, P. Husson, H. and Tirilis, D. Review of school-based interventions of physical activity Background The World Health Organization estimates that 1.9 million deaths worldwide are attributable to physical inactivity. Chroni ...

Interventions to improve the management of diabetes mellitus in primary care, outpatient and community settings

Renders, C. A., Valk, G. D., Griffin, S. J., Wagner, E., van Eijk, J. T. and Assendelft, W. J. J. Health professionals, Organisational interventions, Continuity of care, Diabetes Diabetes is a common chronic disease that is increasingly managed in primary ...

Long-term effects of weight-reducing drugs in hypertensive patients

Siebenhofer, A., Horvath, K., Jeitler, K., Berghold, A., Stich, A. K., Matyas, E., Pignitter, N. and Siering, U. HYPERTENSION, OBESITY, WEIGHT, BLOOD PRESSURE All major guidelines for antihypertensive therapy recommend weight loss; anti-obesity drugs migh ...

Mobile phone-based interventions for smoking cessation

Whittaker, R., Borland, R., Bullen, C., Lin, R., McRobbie, H. and Rodgers, A. Mobile phones, Smoking, Smoking cessation Most smokers start during their teens and more than 80% report having their first cigarette before their 18th birthday (Lamkin 1998). W ...

Optimal duration of exclusive breastfeeding

Kramer, M. S. and Kakuma, R. Review of advantages of exclusive breastfeeding (no solids or liquids besides human milk, other than vitamins and medications) for six months Although the health benefits of breastfeeding are widely acknowledged, opinions and ...

Peer support telephone calls for improving health

Dale, J. Caramlau, I. O., Lindenmeyer, A. and Williams, S. M.1 Review of the effects of peer support telephone calls on physical and psychological health and on health behaviours Peer support telephone calls have been used for a wide range of health-relat ...

Physical fitness training for stroke patients

Saunders, D. H., Greig, C. A., Young, A. and Mead, G. E. Review of physical Fitness Training interventions for stroke patients Stroke patients have impaired physical fitness and this may exacerbate their disability. It is not known whether improving physi ...

Progressive resistive exercise interventions for adults living with HIV/AIDS

O'Brien, K., Nixon, S., Glazier, R. and Tynan, A. Review of of the effectiveness and safety of progressive resistive exercise for people living with HIV Due to medical advancements, many people living with HIV infection in developed countries are liv ...

Psychological and/or educational interventions for the prevention of depression in children and adolescents

Merry, S. N., McDowell, H. H., Hetrick, S. E., Bir, J. and Muller, N. Review of interventions of whether psychological depression prevention programs were effective in preventing depression Depression is the fourth most important disease in the estimation ...

Psychological interventions for depression in heart failure

Lane, D. A., Yeong Chong, A. and Lip, G. Y. H. Review of whether psychological interventions for people with heart failure reduce symptoms of depression and improve outcome Heart failure is a common and growing health problem. Depression is prevalent amon ...

School-based programmes for preventing smoking

Thomas, R. E. and Perera, R. Review of whether school-based programmes are effective in the long term prevention of smoking Smoking rates in adolescents are rising in some countries. Helping young people to avoid starting smoking is a widely endorsed goal ...

Physical activity and enhanced fitness to improve cognitive function in older people without known cognitive impairment

1Research Group Lifestyle and Health, University of Applied Sciences, Utrecht, Netherlands. 2Research Department of Health and Lifestyle, University of Professional Education, Utrecht, Netherlands. 3Department of Geriatric Medicine, University Medical Cen ...

Exercise for Overweight or obesity

Shaw, K.A., Gennat, H.C., O'Rourke, P. and Del Mar, C. OBESITY, OVERWEIGHT, PHYSICAL ACTIVITY, WEIGHT LOSS, WEIGHT MANAGEMENT Overweight and obesity are important public health problems and are associated with many serious health conditions. The risk ...

Long-term Pharmacotherapy for Obesity and Overweight

Padwal RS, Rucker D, Li SK, Curioni C, Lau DCW OBESITY, OVERWEIGHT, WEIGHT LOSS, WEIGHT MANAGEMENT This review assessed the long-term benefits and risks of approved anti-obesity drugs in clinical trials of 1 to 4 years duration. Sixteen orlistat (10,631 p ...

Surgery for Obesity

Colquitt JL, Picot J, Loveman E, Clegg AJ Management of overweight and obesity Obesity is associated with many health problems and a higher risk of death. Bariatric (weight loss) surgery for obesity is usually only considered when all other treatments hav ...

Weight reduction for primary prevention of stroke in adults with overweight or obesity

Curioni C, André C, Veras R Management of overweight and obesity Rigorous scientific evidence linking overweight or obesity with increased risk for stroke is missing. Overweight and obesity are important public health problems and are associated with many ...

Interventions to change the behaviour of health professionals and the organisation of care to promote weight reduction in overweight and obese adults

Flodgren G, Deane K, Dickinson HO, Kirk S, Alberti H, Beyer FR, Brown JG, Penney TL, Summerbell CD, Eccles MP HEALTH INTERVENTION, HEALTH PROFESSIONAL, OBESITY, OVERWEIGHT, WEIGHT MANAGEMENT Although obesity used to be confined largely to high income coun ...

Long-term non-pharmacological weight loss interventions for adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Norris, S.L. et al DIABETES MELLITUS, LIFESTYLE, OBESITY, WEIGHT LOSS, WEIGHT MANAGEMENT Most persons with type 2 diabetes are overweight and obesity worsens the metabolic and physiologic abnormalities associated with diabetes. The objective of this revie ...

Pharmacotherapy for weight loss in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Norris, S.L. et al Weight management Obesity is closely related to type 2 diabetes and long-term weight reduction is an important part of the care delivered to obese persons with diabetes. The objective of this review is to assess the efficacy of pharmaco ...

Iodine supplementation for preventing iodine deficiency disorders in children

Angermaye, L. and Clar, C. CHILD, MENTAL HEALTH, NUTRITIONAL DEFICIENCY Iodine deficiency is the main cause of potentially preventable mental retardation in childhood, as well as causing goitre and hypothyroidism in people of all ages. It is still prevale ...

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