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Systematic reviews

Behavioral, Psychological, Educational, and Vocational Interventions to Facilitate Employment Outcomes for Cancer Survivors: A Systematic Review

Fong C.J. et al Cancer, Survivor In the United States, an estimated 1.5 million people are diagnosed annually with some type of cancer (American Cancer Society, 2011). Work is an important stabilizing factor for cancer survivors (Arnold, 1999). De Boer an ...

Impact of institutional smoking bans on reducing harms and secondhand smoke exposure

http://thehealthwell.info/search-results/legislative-smoking-bans-reducing-harms-secondhand-smoke-exposure-smoking-prevalence- Frazer, K., et al Smoking, Smoking cessation, Smoking ban, Legislation, Law, Mortality, Secondhand smoke, Passive smoking, Tobac ...

Legislative smoking bans for reducing harms from secondhand smoke exposure, smoking prevalence and tobacco consumption

10.1002/14651858.CD005992.pub3 Frazer, K., et al Smoking, Smoking cessation, Smoking ban, Legislation, Law, Mortality, Secondhand smoke, Tobacco Smoking bans have been implemented in a variety of settings, as well as being part of policy in many jurisdict ...

A systematic review of the effectiveness of lifestyle interventions for the prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in routine practice.

10.14655/743983-900692 Public Health England Lifestyle interventions, Prevention, Type 2 diabetes mellitus This document updates and extends a previously conducted systematic review and meta-analysis assessing the effectiveness of ‘real-world’ interventio ...

Information provision for people with multiple sclerosis

Kopke, S., et al Information provision, Interventions, People with MS, Informed choice, Patient-relevant outcomes People with multiple sclerosis (MS) are confronted with many uncertainties in all phases of the disease. For example, the significance of a d ...

Gabapentin for chronic neuropathic pain and fibromyalgia in adults

Moore, R.A., et al Gabapentin, Chronic neuropathic pain, Fibromyalgia Neuropathic pain is pain coming from damaged nerves. It differs from pain messages carried along healthy nerves from damaged tissue (a fall, cut, or arthritic knee). Neuropathic pain is ...

Fixed-dose combination therapy for the prevention of cardiovascular disease

de Cates, A.N., et al Fixed-dose combination therapy, Fatal CVD, Non-fatal CVD, Bloodpressure, Lipid CVD, Risk factor, Prevention Cardiovascular diseases (CVD), including heart attacks and strokes, are the leading cause of death and disability worldwide. ...

Exercise-based rehabilitation for heart failure

Taylor, R.S., et al Exercise-based rehabilitation, Mortality, Hospital admissions, Morbidity. Quality of life Background People with heart failure experience marked reductions in their exercise capacity, which has detrimental effects on their activities o ...

Effectiveness of different treatment modalities for the management of adult-onset granulosa cell tumours of the ovary (primary and recurrent)

Gurumurthy, M. et al Treatment modality, Granulosa cell tumours (GCTs), Ovary, Tumor Granulosa cell tumours (GCTs) of the ovary are rare ovarian tumours (2% to 5% of all ovarian cancers). Most ovarian tumours arise from the outer surface layer of the ovar ...

Interventions for cutaneous Bowen's disease

Bath-Hextall, F.J., et al Therapeutic interventions, Cutaneous Bowen's disease, Skin cancer Bowen's disease is the clinical term for a particular precancerous skin lesion. These lesions rarely cause patients any symptoms, but appear as well-defi ...

Glucosamine therapy for treating osteoarthritis

Towheed, T., et al Randomized controlled trials (RCTs), Toxicity, Glucosamine in Osteoarthritis What is osteoarthritis and glucosamine?   Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis that can affect the hands, hips, shoulders and knees. In OA, ...

Systemic treatments for the prevention of venous thrombo-embolic events in paediatric cancer patients with tunnelled central venous catheters

Schoot, RA., et al To investigate the effects of preventive systemic treatments in paediatric cancer patients with tunnelled CVCs on (a)symptomatic VTE Children with cancer are at higher risk of thrombosis than children without cancer. This is a result of ...

Perioperative nutrition interventions for women with ovarian cancer

Billson, HA., et al This review was conducted to assess the effects of nutrition interventions during the perioperative period for women with ovarian cancer Women who have ovarian cancer, (a cancer which develops in the two organs (ovaries) that produce e ...

Post-surgical chemotherapy versus surgery alone for resectable gastric cancer

Diaz-Nieto, R., et al To determine whether post-surgical chemotherapy should be used routinely in resectable gastric cancer Stomach cancer is the second leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide. Surgery is the only curative treatment offered to pat ...

Psychosocial interventions for patients with head and neck cancer

Semple, C., et al To assess the effectiveness of psychosocial interventions to improve quality of life and psychosocial well-being for patients with head and neck cancer There is a steady rise in the number of people being diagnosed with head and neck can ...

Interventions to encourage uptake of cancer screening for people with severe mental illness

Barley, E., et al Health professionals, Cancer screening, Mental illness, Smoking, Diet Cancer is a leading cause of death worldwide, accounting for approximately 13% of all deaths in 2007. Some studies have reported an increased incidence of cancer in pe ...

Pegylated liposomal doxorubicin for relapsed epithelial ovarian cancer

Lawrie, T.A., et al To assess the efficacy and safety of PLD in women with relapsed epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) The choice of chemotherapy in women with relapsed epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is influenced by the duration of the platinum-free interv ...

Sulphonylurea monotherapy for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Hemmingsen, B., et al To assess the effects of sulphonylurea monotherapy versus placebo, no intervention or other antidiabetic interventions for patients with T2DM Sulphonylureas are widely used for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Sulphonylureas l ...

Physical exercise training interventions for children and young adults during and after treatment for childhood cancer

Braam, K.I., et al To evaluate the effect of a physical exercise training intervention (at home, at a physical therapy centre, or hospital based) on the physical fitness of children with cancer, in comparison with the physical fitness in a care as usual c ...

Cognitive rehabilitation for executive dysfunction in adults with stroke or other adult non-progressive acquired brain damage

Chung, C.S.Y., et al Cognitive rehabilitation, Executive Dysfunction, Adults, Stroke, Non-progressive acquired brain injury Executive function is the term used to describe the brain processes that we use to organise ourselves and solve problems. Executive ...

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