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Cochrane Reviews

Physical fitness training for stroke patients

Saunders, D. H., Greig, C. A., Young, A. and Mead, G. E. Review of physical Fitness Training interventions for stroke patients Stroke patients have impaired physical fitness and this may exacerbate their disability. It is not known whether improving physi ...

Progressive resistive exercise interventions for adults living with HIV/AIDS

O'Brien, K., Nixon, S., Glazier, R. and Tynan, A. Review of of the effectiveness and safety of progressive resistive exercise for people living with HIV Due to medical advancements, many people living with HIV infection in developed countries are liv ...

Psychological and/or educational interventions for the prevention of depression in children and adolescents

Merry, S. N., McDowell, H. H., Hetrick, S. E., Bir, J. and Muller, N. Review of interventions of whether psychological depression prevention programs were effective in preventing depression Depression is the fourth most important disease in the estimation ...

Psychological interventions for depression in heart failure

Lane, D. A., Yeong Chong, A. and Lip, G. Y. H. Review of whether psychological interventions for people with heart failure reduce symptoms of depression and improve outcome Heart failure is a common and growing health problem. Depression is prevalent amon ...

School-based programmes for preventing smoking

Thomas, R. E. and Perera, R. Review of whether school-based programmes are effective in the long term prevention of smoking Smoking rates in adolescents are rising in some countries. Helping young people to avoid starting smoking is a widely endorsed goal ...

Optimal duration of exclusive breastfeeding

Kramer, M. S. and Kakuma, R. Review of advantages of exclusive breastfeeding (no solids or liquids besides human milk, other than vitamins and medications) for six months Although the health benefits of breastfeeding are widely acknowledged, opinions and ...

Peer support telephone calls for improving health

Dale, J. Caramlau, I. O., Lindenmeyer, A. and Williams, S. M.1 Review of the effects of peer support telephone calls on physical and psychological health and on health behaviours Peer support telephone calls have been used for a wide range of health-relat ...

School-based physical activity programs for promoting physical activity and fitness in children and adolescents aged 6-18

Dobbins, M., DeCorby, K., Robeson, P. Husson, H. and Tirilis, D. Review of school-based interventions of physical activity Background The World Health Organization estimates that 1.9 million deaths worldwide are attributable to physical inactivity. Chroni ...

Physical activity and enhanced fitness to improve cognitive function in older people without known cognitive impairment

1Research Group Lifestyle and Health, University of Applied Sciences, Utrecht, Netherlands. 2Research Department of Health and Lifestyle, University of Professional Education, Utrecht, Netherlands. 3Department of Geriatric Medicine, University Medical Cen ...

Interventions to improve the management of diabetes mellitus in primary care, outpatient and community settings

Renders, C. A., Valk, G. D., Griffin, S. J., Wagner, E., van Eijk, J. T. and Assendelft, W. J. J. Health professionals, Organisational interventions, Continuity of care, Diabetes Diabetes is a common chronic disease that is increasingly managed in primary ...

Long-term effects of weight-reducing drugs in hypertensive patients

Siebenhofer, A., Horvath, K., Jeitler, K., Berghold, A., Stich, A. K., Matyas, E., Pignitter, N. and Siering, U. HYPERTENSION, OBESITY, WEIGHT, BLOOD PRESSURE All major guidelines for antihypertensive therapy recommend weight loss; anti-obesity drugs migh ...

Mobile phone-based interventions for smoking cessation

Whittaker, R., Borland, R., Bullen, C., Lin, R., McRobbie, H. and Rodgers, A. Mobile phones, Smoking, Smoking cessation Most smokers start during their teens and more than 80% report having their first cigarette before their 18th birthday (Lamkin 1998). W ...

Physical exercise training interventions for children and young adults during and after treatment for childhood cancer

Braam, K.I., et al To evaluate the effect of a physical exercise training intervention (at home, at a physical therapy centre, or hospital based) on the physical fitness of children with cancer, in comparison with the physical fitness in a care as usual c ...

Sulphonylurea monotherapy for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Hemmingsen, B., et al To assess the effects of sulphonylurea monotherapy versus placebo, no intervention or other antidiabetic interventions for patients with T2DM Sulphonylureas are widely used for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Sulphonylureas l ...

Pegylated liposomal doxorubicin for relapsed epithelial ovarian cancer

Lawrie, T.A., et al To assess the efficacy and safety of PLD in women with relapsed epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) The choice of chemotherapy in women with relapsed epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is influenced by the duration of the platinum-free interv ...

Psychosocial interventions for patients with head and neck cancer

Semple, C., et al To assess the effectiveness of psychosocial interventions to improve quality of life and psychosocial well-being for patients with head and neck cancer There is a steady rise in the number of people being diagnosed with head and neck can ...

Post-surgical chemotherapy versus surgery alone for resectable gastric cancer

Diaz-Nieto, R., et al To determine whether post-surgical chemotherapy should be used routinely in resectable gastric cancer Stomach cancer is the second leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide. Surgery is the only curative treatment offered to pat ...

Perioperative nutrition interventions for women with ovarian cancer

Billson, HA., et al This review was conducted to assess the effects of nutrition interventions during the perioperative period for women with ovarian cancer Women who have ovarian cancer, (a cancer which develops in the two organs (ovaries) that produce e ...

Systemic treatments for the prevention of venous thrombo-embolic events in paediatric cancer patients with tunnelled central venous catheters

Schoot, RA., et al To investigate the effects of preventive systemic treatments in paediatric cancer patients with tunnelled CVCs on (a)symptomatic VTE Children with cancer are at higher risk of thrombosis than children without cancer. This is a result of ...

Sulthiame add-on therapy for epilepsy

Milburn-McNulty, P., et al To compare the efficacy and side-effect profile of sulthiame as add-on therapy compared with placebo or another antiepileptic drug Epilepsy is a common neurological condition which is characterised by recurrent seizures. The maj ...

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